With the advent of innovation in various hair removal methods in India, getting rid of unwanted body hair has never been easier. Among all the available hair removal methods, laser hair removal has emerged as a favourite of men and women alike. Laser hair removal works on the fundamental principle of selective photothermolysis, in which a laser beam permanently destroys the stem cells that are responsible for hair production. Once these cells are eliminated, no hair will spring out from the hair follicles, thus leaving you with hair-free and smooth skin.
When it comes to the Indian subcontinent, laser hair removal treatments started gaining popularity in the late 90s, as many people, particularly women, begun resorting to this cosmetic procedure as a one-time solution for unwanted body and facial hair. Since then, many advancements have been made in the types of equipment that are used to render its patrons with flawlessly smooth skin. As a result, the Indian laser hair treatment market is now flourishing with a variety of laser devices that can be optimised to perform hair removal procedures based on the skin tones and hair textures that are common across people of Indian descent.
Here’s a detailed look at the five primary laser hair removal machines that are the favourite choice of dermatologists offering laser hair removal in Mumbai, and in other Indian cities:
- Soprano ICE Laser Hair Removal Machine:
Soprano ICE laser hair removal machine is manufactured by Alma Lasers, an organisation famous for its state-of-the-art laser machines all over the world. One of the distinguishing factors of Soprano ICE is its ability to work across multiple wavelengths. As a result, it is apt to be used for different skin and hair types. Further, this machine for cosmetic hair removal has a laser hair removal system that is approved by the US Food and Drug Association (FDA). The device comes with an applicator that comes attached with a cooling system, thus making the entire hair removal process comfortable and painless.
Soprano ICE can be used to treat skin types ranging from I to VI, and can also be used to treat tanned skin. The skin types are a measure of the Fitzpatrick Scale, which defines skin types based on their colour on a measure of I to VI. It starts with the light, pale white skin of Type I, and gradually increases in colour grades up to dark brown or black of Type VI. The focused mechanism of the Soprano ICE makes it ideal to deliver the same efficiency on thick, medium, and fine hair. It results in zero downtime after the session and does not present any side effects. However, owing to its high success rates and variety of application across skin types, the cost per session with the Soprano ICE can be higher as compared to other laser devices.
- Nd: YAG Laser Hair Removal Machine:
The Nd: Yag laser hair removal device makes use of a long-pulsed Neodymium Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (hence the name Nd: YAG) laser that has a wavelength of 1064 nm. To ensure better absorption of the laser beam, a carbon lotion is applied on the skin of the patients prior to the treatment. Apart from its use in cosmetic hair removal, the Nd: YAG laser is also used to treat hyperpigmentation and the removal of tattoos from the skin. This laser machine device is FDA approved and is perfect for tanned and the ethnically Indian skin types.
The Nd: YAG laser poses minimum risks of inflammation and blistering, and also results in a delayed hair growth between sessions. As compared to other laser devices, more extensive areas like back, legs, and chest are more readily treated by this laser. However, it is not as effective on fine or lighter hair and may not be the best suit for sensitive skin types.
- Diode Laser Hair Removal Machine:
The diode laser hair removal machine makes use of shorter and longer wavelengths of 800 to 1000 nm from semiconductors. The highly concentrated laser light from these semiconductors penetrates into the skin and targets the melanin in hair follicles, thus effectively destroying them. The diode laser is ideal for use on both medium to dark skin tones; however, it is best suited for skin types I through IV.
One of the advantages of the diode laser is that depending on the type of skin and hair being treated; its wavelength can be adjusted to the one that is best suited for the patient. It can smoothly operate the thick, coarse hair that is likely to be found on the back without damaging the epidermis. However, as compared to its results on skins types IV through VI, the results of this laser are not as effective on skin types I and II.
- Ruby Laser Hair Removal Machine:
The Ruby hair removal laser is one of the most prevalent hair removal devices that are used commercially. In the initial stages of its development, this machine was designed to operate on the fundamental principle of melanin absorption on a lighter skin tone. This relatively pain-free hair removal machine has an inbuilt cooling system with a laser beam of the wavelength of 694.3 nm. Due to this cooling system, the Ruby laser has minimum side effects and shows promising results on light skin with both dark and fine hair. However, its use is limited as it cannot be used on small areas of skin, while also being ineffective on medium, tanned, or dark skin tones.
- IPL Hair Removal Machine:
The Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) hair removal machine is one of the most widely used methods of hair removal in India. The intense pulsed light used in IPL laser is a highly concentrated form of light energy that transforms into heat energy when it encounters melanin on the skin. This quick and relatively painless hair removal treatment works well on light skin with dark hairs. Commonly spotted in dermatology centres and spas alike, the IPL hair removal machine can efficiently treat large areas of the skin. However, its scope of use is limited as it can only treat light skin, and can also cause skin discolouration in the form of light and dark coloured patches after the treatment.
Laser hair removal treatment methods offer people a long-term solution for the recurring growth of unwanted hair. However, before deciding on a laser hair removal in Mumbai or in any other location for that matter, it is important to acquaint oneself with the various kinds of hair removal machine available in the market.