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Short-Term and Long-Term Effect of Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol is widely available and consumed in form of alcoholic beverages. Its effect on brain results in slowing down of the system of the body. It is also difficult for the body to process alcohol, which means consuming alcohol in large quantity will put an increased pressure on the body to work for its digestion.

Alcohol is the most common recreational substance for adults and one of most widely consumed drug in the U.S. Individuals tend to consume alcohol while socializing, celebrating and in order to relax. Considering its easy availability, it is the most commonly abused substance by individuals from all age groups. This leads to alcohol addiction which results in substantial health issues and social, financial and legal troubles.

Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Addiction

After consumption, alcohol does not take much longer to get absorbed into the blood flow. Once absorbed in the blood, it quickly reaches the brain where it swiftly establishes its impact. The various factors on which short-term effects of alcohol addiction depends may include the quantity of alcohol consumed, the weight, body fat percentage and gender of the addict, and whether he/she takes alcohol on an empty stomach or with a  meal. Alcohol consumption with an eatable makes alcohol to take long to get absorbed into the blood flow which results in a reduced level of intoxication. During the initial stage of alcohol addiction, an individual may experience relaxation, spontaneity or light-headedness. Increased consumption of alcohol will result in intoxication.

Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol is considered to be the cause of more than 200 diseases as well as physical injuries related to alcohol addiction including liver cirrhosis, cancers, and incidents of falls, assaults, burns, drowning, and car accidents. Approximately ninety thousand deaths in the U.S. in any given year is related to alcohol consumption which makes is the third major inevitable cause of death. Moreover, long-term effects of alcohol addiction may result in a number of health issues such as brain and never damage, peripheral neuropathy, damage to heart muscles and other cardiovascular complications, immune system disorder, stomach ulcers, liver disease, pancreatitis, cancer, and osteoporosis. Alcohol addiction may also cause mental disorders such as depression and anxiety. Because alcohol addiction has an adverse impact on each system of the body, therefore it can cause health issues throughout the body.

Alcohol addiction is itself a disease characterized by an uncontrollable urge to drink alcohol continually despite its adverse impact on physical and mental health, social relationships, and ability to work. If an individual consumes large amount of alcohol on a regular basis, it results in increased tolerance which means that the body will require more amount of alcohol to achieve the desired effect. This leads to physical dependence of alcohol. If an alcohol addict attempts to abruptly quit drinking it will result in withdrawal side effects. An individual with alcohol addiction must seek professional help particularly from a rehabilitation facility which specifically deals with safe detoxification of alcohol.