Smart education: should students be able to listen to music during classes?
The development of communication channels and means of information transmitting and exchanging leads the world to a new “evolutionary revolution”, transforming the information society into what is today called smart society. This strategy is a solution considered today at the international level as the only possible one in the modern world.
The idea of smart society more accurately expresses the intention to improve all aspects of human life using information and communications technologies in new industries. This policy has become a benchmark for the United States — the internet leader in the world — as well as Korea, Europe, Japan, and many other countries. The emergence of a smart society is becoming increasingly apparent as a global trend.
Smart society is a new quality of society, in which the use of technical equipment, services and the Internet by trained people leads to qualitative changes in the interaction of subjects, allowing obtaining new effects – social, economic and other benefits for a better life. This is the next stage of development for the so-called “information society” in which we live today.
To prepare a specialist with skills in a smart society is the task of a smart university. Among the elements of a smart university is “smart infrastructure”, which includes video control systems, access control systems. Document management, a library and a reading room are electronic. Smart university students have access to open educational resources and free open online courses (Massive Open Online Courses – MOOCs) provided by universities through electronic resources such as Coursera, edX, Udacity.
It is obvious that in such a university the nature of the educational process is changing. A smart course consists of 80% of external sources, develops independently through connections to various channels, and allows the student to create content. A modern course is a trajectory of actions, among which reading a textbook takes no more than 20-30% of time. In addition, Smart-education is constantly fueled by external sources and characterizes by a flexibility of the educational process and integrating.
The concept of Smart Education is a flexibility, which implies the presence of a large number of sources and the maximum variety of multimedia – audio, video, and graphics.
Let’s look at the format of smart learning with music background that is gaining popularity in our time. Is it helpful for students to listen to music during classes?
As we know, the teaching methods in the classical educational system are mainly focused on the left hemisphere of the brain. The left hemisphere is responsible for speech and language abilities, the ability to read and write. It also memorizes facts, names, dates, numbers, and mathematical symbols. Helps to process information logically and consistently.
The right hemisphere specializes in information processing, which expresses not in words but in images, gives us the opportunity to dream and fantasize, to compose various stories, and is also responsible for the ability to music, dance and visual arts. However, it is practically not involved in the classical learning process.
The human brain perceives music at the same time with both hemispheres. The body of a person adapts to music while listening to it. As a result, the mood and working efficiency become better, pain sensitivity decreases, sleep becomes normal, the heart rate and respiration restore.
Scientists who have studied the psychophysiological aspect of the effects of music have established:
- music has a noticeable effect on a minute volume of blood circulation, pulse rate, blood pressure, blood sugar level;
- raises and lowers muscle tone;
- stimulates emotions;
- improves verbal and arithmetic abilities;
- stimulates processes of perception and memory;
- activates creative thinking.
It worth to remark that different genres affect our mood in different ways. A strong psychological effect will have:
- musical rhythm (ideal for mental activity with 60-70 beats per minute),
- variety of tonalities
- additional effects.
According to Steven Gray, an expert on the cognitive psychology of the Pro-Papers service: “When a person performs complex intellectual or creative work, a competent music selection is important, and not just its presence. Music background with the “right” tonality helps to improve study.”
Here are examples of music that will help you learn better.
Sounds of nature. Researchers at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute noted an increase in working capacity among people who studied in open spaces where the sounds of nature were reproduced. Attention increases regardless of whether we listen to the recorded individually sounds of nature or music with the inclusion of these elements.
Favorite melody. Each of us has songs that make the heart beat faster, and the smile widens exponentially. Therefore, scientists have noticed that the playlist of favorite tracks is of great benefit during the studies.
Neutral music. If you are one of those who gets distracted by familiar music, try to choose for your study tunes to which you are indifferent and which do not cause expressed emotions.
Instrumental music. If you usually diligently listen to the lyrics while listening to tracks, in this case try to give preference to instrumental music.
Medium volume. Ideal for listening is not quiet or strong, but the medium volume. Excessive loudness interferes with information processing in the brain.
Classical music. It is interesting that certain composers and compositions have a certain effect on a person:
- “Italian Concert” by Bach struggles with anger, resentment, reduces negative emotions.
- The works of Beethoven and Tchaikovsky strengthen sleep and relieve irritability.
- Mozart’s music relieves irritability and headache.
Numerous studies indicate that not all music genres are helpful in learning. We list those that should be avoided: metal, rock, pop music, hip-hop, rap, jazz, reggae, blues, electronic and club music.
Finally, we say that many teachers want students to have a good memory, increase attentiveness and concentration, and be creative. So one of the recipes is music. Pro-Papers recommends you to use the right music during classes. It will be your assistant. The result will come!