The retina is comprised of a layer of cells that cover more than half of the back of your eye. It is located near the optic nerve and has the important job of converting light into neural signals that allow you to see.
When the retina is damaged, you will experience a variety of symptoms, such as blurred vision, shadows, flashing lights, and shadowed vision. Unfortunately, with approximately 2.2 billion people with vision impairment, retinal diseases are more common than you might think.
If you’re experiencing eye problems and are wondering what they could mean, here are several retinal diseases you need to know about.
Floaters are specks of collagen that cloud and impair your vision. These tiny specks are caused when the jelly-like substance in your eyes naturally liquifies as you age. In most cases, floaters are harmless, but they can be an indication of a more serious problem.
2. Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is one of the most common retinal problems. This disease causes central vision loss, blurry vision, and difficulty focusing on details. Macular degeneration is typically an age-related disease that affects those who are 55 and older.
3. Retinal Detachment
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the supportive layers of cells and tissue. This condition is considered a medical emergency and usually requires surgery to reattach the retina.
Fortunately, advanced equipment and technology have made retinal detachment easier to repair, says Dr. Alexander Aizman. This means retinal detachment no longer means certain blindness for those who experience the condition.
4. Retinal Tear
A retinal tear is similar to a retinal detachment. Instead of the retina completely detaching from the supportive tissue, the retina shrinks, causing a tear. This is one of the most common retina problems in adults that is typically caused by aging.
5. Epiretinal Membrane
Epiretinal membrane is one of the many retina disorders you can develop. These membranes are a collection of cells that grow on the retina, causing a pulling effect. They are painless but can impair your vision and even lead to vision loss.
6. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is a side effect of diabetes that causes many eye problems, including flashing lights, dark spots, and blurry vision. This condition can also cause pressure and pain in your eye. Fortunately, diabetic retinopathy is a condition that can be treated in many ways.
7. Retinitis Pigmentosa
Retinitis pigmentosa is caused by the gradual degeneration of the retina. This condition results in color blindness, night blindness, a loss of central vision, and a loss of peripheral vision. Retinitis pigmentosa is caused by a genetic disorder.
These Are the Common Retinal Diseases You Need to Know
Many retinal diseases can result in serious eye problems and even blindness.
The most common diseases are floaters, macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa, and epiretinal membrane. You could also experience retinal tear or detachment. If you’re experiencing problems with your eyes, schedule a visit with your eye doctor as soon as possible.
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