Causes and Treatment of Back Pain

Back pain is a common condition in most people from all age groups. However, it’s more prevalent in older people and interferes with everyday life. The spine bears most of the weight and has multiple vertebrae that are connected by intervertebral discs. Pain can occur in any part of the spine due to injuries or other conditions. Mainly, pain occurs in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar sections of the spine. Ira Siegel, MD, treats back pain conditions through a wide range of interventions. Before you seek treatment for back pain in West Orange, here are the causes and treatment options.

Causes of back pain

Quite often, a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical exercise can cause tension to your back muscles even in the absence of disease. If you spend many hours sitting in the office or bending in front of a computer, you can experience back pain. Also, if your job involves lifting and carrying heavy loads, minor back pain can be part of your everyday life. If back pain is prolonged, you need to see a doctor for a comprehensive examination and treatment.

Back pain can also occur due to health conditions such as arthritis of the spine. This condition is known as spinal stenosis, where the region around your spinal cord becomes thinner. Also, Osteoporosis can cause porous and delicate bones, which can lead to back pain.

Preventing back pain

Exercises are essential in preventing back pain. You can incorporate daily workouts into your lifestyle to prevent back pain. Regular exercise at least three times a week can activate your immune system and maintain an even muscle tone. Examples of sporting activities include walking, jogging, swimming, and cycling. Eating a balanced diet can help prevent weight gain and thus reduce the burden on your back. You can also take care of your back by lifting and carrying weights properly. Refrain from carrying heavyweights with one hand as it can strain your back due to lack of balance.

Treatment for back pain

The doctor starts by examining your medical history, followed by a comprehensive assessment of your back. Physical tests are conducted, including reviewing your sitting, standing, walking, and lifting postures. 

After that, your doctor may order imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, CT scans, blood tests, and bone scans. After the test, the doctor may prescribe pain medication. You can engage in light activities, and if the pain doesn’t go away, it’s advisable to go back to the health care center for a follow-up visit.  

Other treatment options include muscle relaxants, which can cause dizziness, and medication containing opioids for chronic pain. However, this is strictly done under close medical supervision. Physical therapy includes strengthening exercises that are done under the guidance of your doctor. In extreme cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to treat back pain if it radiates to your legs and affects your mobility. Alternative treatment options include chiropractic care, yoga, acupuncture, and massage.

People with back pain can get treated and live a normal life. If you suffer from back pain, contact the specialists at the Pain Center of NJ for consultation, diagnosis, and treatment.



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