Skip to content

PCOD/PCOS – Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

    PCOD is a hormonal disorder. PCOS is an endocrine problem. These two affect the lives of women in their reproductive age. People tend to get confused between these two terms and use them interchangeably.

    In the last few years, these diseases have affected the lives of 12% of women in New York. You should get yourself diagnosed to ensure you aren’t one of them. Read on to find out more about these two.

    What is PCOD?

    Polycystic ovarian disease is a disease that is related to women’s health. In this condition, the mature or non-mature eggs present in a woman’s ovary form cysts.

    What is PCOS?

    Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a disorder of metabolism. In this disorder, the ovaries produce a high amount of androgen. This results in the formulation of dozens of cysts in the ovary.

    Primary symptoms


    · Heavy bleeding during periods

    · Weight gain in the abdominal region

    . Hair loss

    · Infertility

    · Endometrial cancer


    · Hirsutism

    · Acanthosis nigricans

    · Irregular periods

    · Obesity

    · Amenorrhea

    Causes PCOD

    There is no definite answer as to what causes this disease. But some factors that contribute to it


    · Poor diet

    · Heredity

    · Lack of proper sleep cycle

    · Pollution

    · Excess insulin


    At present, doctors cannot confirm what causes this syndrome. But the contributing factors are;

    · Resistance to insulin

    · Hormonal imbalance

    · Heredity

    · Excess androgen production

    · Low-grade inflammation        


    Some complications are found common in both these diseases, which are as follows;

    · Uterine bleeding

    · Infertility

    · Hypertension

    · Unusual miscarriage

    · Type 2 diabetes

    · Depression

    · Endometrial cancer

    · Sleep apnea

    · Premature birth


    Due to these complicated diseases, women face ample issues. Having androgen levels higher than normal can have adverse health effects. 

    A gynecologist can help deal with these issues and help you diagnose them before it gets out of hand. With the help of the internet, you can find the best ‘obgyn nyc’. A gynecologist would provide not only adequate medication but also some energy exercises for the same.

    These diseases require a change in your lifestyle. Your treatment depends on the symptoms that you get, which vary from person to person.

    · You can regulate your menstrual cycle through medication

    · Injections and medicines can help with ovulation induction

    · There are trusted drugs that help with the fertility treatment

    · You can get skin treatment for excessive hair growth 

    A good and healthy diet can help regulate your weight which can help control your condition. The risk of diabetes and cholesterol can also be managed with a specialized diet.

    Regular exercise will help circulate your blood levels which will also help reduce the effects of these diseases. But on-time diagnosis and proper treatment will have early, desirable results.


    PCOS and PCOD are the most common diseases in women, yet they go unnoticed. They are easily diagnosed. If you are having irregular periods or any of the symptoms mentioned above, visiting a gynecologist is advisable.

    These diseases have multiple visible complications. But there are many treatment options available. Getting the right diet and exercise can go a long way in curbing these diseases. These diseases are not life-threatening but shouldn’t be ignored or taken lightly as well.