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Toenail Infection – Causes And Treatment

    Infection in the nails is a common condition where your nail develops a white or yellow spot under the tip. As it goes deeper, it causes discoloration, thickens the skin, and crumbles the edge.

    If you are looking for a doctor to treat your toenail infection, you can consider Dr. Polina Zaydenberg, who will provide you with appropriate medications and treatments as required.

    Causes of toenail infection:

    An infection in your toenail is generally caused due to bacteria and fungus. Your toenail can be infected due to the following reasons:

    • The cuticle or nail has been cut too short, which exposes your nail to bacteria.
    • You have an ingrowth in your nail. This means that the nail is growing inside the skin.
    • Your nail has been exposed to the fungus; this can happen if you walk barefoot.
    • If your shoes have rubbed your nail, it can cause a callus. This thickens the skin around your nail. 
    • You swim or surf a lot.

    In addition to this, your nail can also get infected if you have diabetes, HIV, or a weak immune system. People who have done an organ transplant are also at risk for having a toenail infection.

    Treatment for toenail infection:

    • If any bacteria has caused the infection, an antibacterial cream or medication suggested by your doctor can quickly clear up your infection.
    • If you have a blister, then your doctor will have to pop the blister.
    • In case of an ingrown toenail, the procedure will be a bit longer. Your doctor will lift the nail and put a cotton structure underneath it. This will help the skin and nails stay separated. 
    • If this process does not work, he will have to extract the infected nail.

    Few home remedies you can try:

    • Fill a bucket with warm water and salt. Soak your legs in that water for about 15-20 mins and repeat this several times a day.
    • You can try treating your ingrown nail at home. Gently lift the corner of the affected nail and place a waxed dental floss piece or a small cotton piece beneath it. 
    • Keep your feet dry and if you wear socks, make sure you change them twice a day.
    • Wear loose and comfortable shoes that do not rub against the infected nail.

    When to see a doctor?

    If you suffer from the following symptoms, contact your doctor immediately:

    • Fever or chills.
    • You see red spots around the infected nail.
    • You have pain in your muscles and joint areas.

    Your trusted doctor will examine your nail and find out the exact cause of the symptoms. In addition, get regular checkups done so that you can get proper treatments on time without any delay.