Pre-diabetes is one of the leading warning signs of Type 2 diabetes in patients. Since diabetes is considered as the “silent killer” of today’s century, prediabetes can develop into a fatal disease if proper preventive measures are not taken seriously. Patients suffering from Prediabetes often fail to diagnose the problem in safe time limit which is why diabetes is so much prevalent all over the world. Here is all you need to know about prediabetes:
What is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes is actually a pre-diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. It is a condition in which the blood sugar levels of victims show an increase but that increase is not sufficient to qualify the patient as a Type 2 diabetic. This high blood glucose level is an indicator of Type 2 diabetes and demands serious measures and life changes in order to reverse it adverse effects. Usually, prediabetes is caused by a number of causes and risk factors which include weight, genetics, family history, ethnicity/race to which the patient belongs, lack of exercise and gestational diabetes. Prediabetes is usually caused as a result of disturbances in insulin (body hormone) production which disrupts normal utilization of sugars in body.
Common signs and Symptoms:
The signs and symptoms of prediabetes are quite hard to be identified by the patient. In most cases, the diagnosis is made too late when nothing can be done to reverse its effects. Here is a list of common prediabetes symptoms which can help you in diagnosing the problem within a safe time frame:
- Excessive hunger than normal
- Weight loss despite eating plenty of food
- Excessive thirst
- Increased frequency of bathroom visits
- Inexplicably high exhaustion than usual
Keeping the above-mentioned signs and symptoms in check is an effective way to keep serious complications at bay. In order to be sure that you are making/getting a right diagnosis of prediabetes problem, here are a few tests which you can undergo:
- Fasting Plasma Glucose test (FPG)
- Oral Glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
Tips for prevention:
Despite the serious risk factors and fatal consequences associated with prediabetes, the good news is that it is a reversible condition. You can reverse the increase in blood glucose levels and stay safe from getting Type 2 diabetes by following these preventive tips:
Excessive body weight is a major cause of increase in blood glucose level. You need to get in contact with a certified trainer in order to incorporate daily exercise regimen as a part of your routine.
Keep away from smoking:
As odd as it may see but smoking is a leading factor of prediabetes. If you are a smoker, it is better to quit it as quick as you can.
Getting rid of negative eating habits and transforming your lifestyle is a challenging task. For this reason, it is best to seek motivation and support by sharing your problem with your closest friends and relatives.
Addition of healthy habits in lifestyle:
Eating healthy and finding positive ways of dealing with life stress is another major preventive measure you can take for prediabetes.